Many often consider a resume to be the same as Curriculum Vitae but they would be mistaken; while both are prepped essentially, for the same purpose, they often differ from the way information is presented to the layout and other additional features. One of the first thing that most young graduates do, on graduation, is to update their resume or CV and ensure that it contains relevant information and provides them with a competitive edge in this competitive world. The objective of both these documents, CV and resume, happen to be the same – essentially they are to provide the recruiter and the company with enough information so that they can assess if your profile is the right match for the company.
A Curriculum Vita is a detailed document that lists out your background with comprehensive information on the same and often extends into multiple pages. It further lists out all your activities \in chronological order so that it provides the recruiter with enough data to come to a conclusion regarding whether you are a good match or not. The CV often lists out all background data from education to other relevant data and tends to be longer than a resume.
A resume, on the other hand, is the shorter form and lists out information such as educational qualifications, projects that you may have worked on; it should not be more than a page at most. More to the point, the objective of a resume is to provide others with relevant information, so that they can gauge as to whether you would be a good fit or not. One of the reasons for the need for a resume is more on account of the fact that most recruiters hardly spend more than a few seconds glancing at any CV which necessitated the need for a resume.
Some of the key differences between a resume and a CV happen to be the length, layout as well as the purpose of the document itself. A resume acts more like a summary document, enabling the recruiter to gather enough information and to determine whether you would be a good fit or not. The CV provides for a more comprehensive format, detailing your background in detail and as a result, it can often run into pages. It also lists out all information in chronological order, thereby providing the company with all the information they need, to decide whether to hire you or not. More to the point, most candidates customize resumes to fit the job, thereby making it easier for the recruiter as to determine if they should hire you or not. Moreover providing recruiters with customized resume, one that’s tailor-made to the job in question should increase your chances of being selected for the position.
The other aspect where both a CV and a resume differ lies in the layout; the CV often lists out your entire career history in clear, chronological order. A CV would list out all the details with precise attention to detail whereas a resume, is shorter, and provides relevant information in concise detail. Moreover, with a resume, the various sections can be rearranged as per preference. And since a resume is shorter, the various sections can be rearranged to provide the recruiter with an overview of your entire career history. Apart from this, the other key difference is the purpose of the document.
A CV is a detailed, comprehensive record of your entire career history; whereas a resume is but an overview of your career history; it provides companies and recruiters alike with targeted information on your current skills, expertise and current goals and objectives.
These are some of the key differences between a CV and a resume; when sending the resume over, you may want to include a cover letter as well to let the company know why you would be a good fit for the company. You can include a cover letter with a CV as well. If you are planning on using a resume instead of a CV, you may want to design and customize the resume for the position you are applying for as it increases your chances of being selected for the same. You may also want to avoid adding too much of the personal component to both the resume as well as the CV; remember the recruiter wants to assess whether you would be a good fit for the company or not.